Neuro must knows
Cerebral circulation, the circle of willis and its tributaries, basilar artery and areas supplied by it,and dont forget the venous drainage
The Motor and Sensory Homunculus
General outline of motor and sensory function of the cortex(no need detail)

Cerebrovascular accident(including Transient ischaemic attack)-->manifestation and localising signs up to management
How to differentiate ischaemic and hemorrhagic stroke, and their managements
Meningitis-->how to differentiate viral and bacterial etiology from CSF specimen, common etiologic agent,treatment, complication
Brain absess--> what is ring enhanced lesion on CT, what is the cause
Peripheral neuropathy--> at least noe some other causes besides diabetes mellitus
Facial nerve palsy--> Common cause like Bell's, ramsay hunt, Parotid carcinoma etc
Tic Douloreoux
Types of nystagmus, some causes of the different types of nystagmus
Cerebellar signs
and of course, drugs and their side effects

In short, you must be able to localise the symptoms from the clinical manifestation, which is why neuroanatomy is important

Some miscellaneous neuro cases in previous short case is multiple sclerosis,myasthenia gravis and Guillane Barre syndrome...lets hope it wont happen again haha

for this few "atypical" disease, i think we only need to know the clinical manifestation and diagnostic feature, and of course, the level of nerve involved. for example, GB syndrome is characterised by areflexia, MG by progressive ptosis and weakness, MS by the lesion being disseminated in time and space etc

But if got time do read more on these...its quite interesting..

As for stroke, everything must be fingertip. Sure come out common..Go catch one stroke patient in ward and examine him or her....practice more.

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