Nephrology : Filtering and Plumbing
Since the kidney is one of the main homeostatic organs,the most important thing in Nephrology is Anatomy and Physiology. From the glomerulus to the collecting duct, make sure you know which part is responsible for certain ion absorbtion and maintainance of acid-base balance.
Gross anatomy : Cortex,medulla, renal pelvis, renal papilla etc
Part of the nephron which is responsible to release renin and maintainance of blood pressure.
Control of calcium and other ion concentration.
Erythropoetin secretion regulation
Creatine and urea level: What does it signify?
Proteinuria: Nephrotic and Nephritic syndrome and its causes
Spot Urine Protein: Creatinine index : MUST know. What does it show?
UTI-> As important as URTI in Respiration(means very important la). Common organisms, Urease producing ones, and why is it so important to know whether the causative agent produce urease or not
Urine dipstick interpretation: Wat changes can be expected in UTI and nephrotic syndrome
Hypertension in the young
Renal Failure : Acute and Chronic: Pathophysiology
Nephrology needs understanding of the Physiology to be able to make sense of what is happening to the patient. Thus, don't memorise blindly, please understand the physiology and relate it to the disease.